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二战劳工幸存者(1/10)

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图片编号:
S20120329100329_1382
图片尺寸:
2.45 M(RGB),3012*2119像素
摄影师:
吕廷川
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图片描述

王子利,88岁,中国山东省禹城市人,1944年至1945年日本宫崎县三菱矿业劳工,腿部重伤。(第八届华赛新闻人物与肖像类组照金奖)Photo taken on Dec. 2, 2010 shows 88-year-old Wang Zili, born in Yucheng, Shandong, China. He once was a labor of Mitsubishi Coal Industry of Japan during 1944 to 1945 and he has serious injury on his legs.
    七十年前,二战太平洋战争于1941年12月8日全面爆发,日本为补充国内劳动力不足,从亚洲周边国家掳掠平民及战俘充当劳工,其中从中国强掳近4万人,押解到日本35家公司135个矿业所,在军警的刺刀与皮鞭下,被强制从事繁重的体力劳动。据日本外务省《华人劳工工作情况调查报告书》记载,被掠往日本的中国劳工总人数为38935人。在饥饿、残杀和重重虐待下死亡6830人,死亡率高达17.5%。1945年,在日本昭和矿业所,山东藉劳工刘连仁因不堪忍受这非人的虐待,逃到北海道深山,过了13年野人生活。同年7月,日本秋田县花冈矿山的986名劳工,因不堪虐待起来反抗,惨遭血腥镇压,发生了418人丧生的“花冈惨案”。
     1945年日本战败投降,幸存劳工拖着病残的身体回到了中国。他们大部分居住在偏远的农村,生活贫困。随着时间的流逝,越来越多的人相继去世,健在者已经寥寥无几,在他们生命临界终点之时,那些伤痛却愈加的清晰,他们一直期待着,能够在有生之年得到一个真诚的道歉。但是,这一刻至今没有到来。(第八届华赛新闻人物与肖像类组照金奖)During the World War II, nearly 40,000 Chinese were transported to 145 mining industries of 35 companies in Japan by Japanese troops. Under harsh conditions and pressure given by Japanese military forces, these men worked very hard . Some 6830 people died because of poor living conditions, such as hunger, illness and so on. Liu Lianren, whose hometown is Shandong, China, escaped from the work and hided himself as a wild man in the forrest of Hokkaido, north Japan. As the Japanese army surrendered in 1945, survivors of the labours were returned to China, living poorly in remote areas in the countryside. Some of them past away, while the others, with illness and diability, are waiting for a reply from Japan.